The Darfur War is not something that you can truly sum up in a couple of sentences, or one article. This is a multifaceted, complex issue. Furthermore, it is an issue that has thus far resulted in the deaths of thousands upon thousands. It is a situation that has raged for more than a decade. It is also a situation with severe short-term consequences and long-term consequences.
To put it another way, to understand the Darfur War is to understand tragedy. Even a basic understanding of the Darfur War is going to involve understanding several different facts.
What and Where Is Darfur?
You can find Darfur in the western portion of Sudan, which is located in Africa. One of the first things you will want to keep in mind is that Darfur is not a country. The area is home to approximately six million individuals, and it is roughly as large as France. You can find Darfur next to Khartoum.
The majority of the individuals who live in Darfur are Muslim. The region is divided amongst Arabs, who often exist as a nomadic herder type, and Africans, who generally exist as the poor. Due neglectfulness on the part of the government, the area in general has become extremely poor, lacking in a voice, and desperate. Non-Arab ethnicities in Darfur began to rise up against the government of Khartoum.
Unfortunately, the Sudanese government began to implement a genocidal campaign against these non-Arab groups. To carry out this horrific endeavor, the Sundanese government enlisted the assistance of the Janjaweed. This would be an Arab militia from Darfur. All of this began to transpire across 2003. As the years went on, things would only serve to become worse.
Genocide in Darfur
In the years since the conflict began in Darfur, the killings, rapes, and rampant destruction from the Janjaweed and Sudanese government has only worsened. Over four hundred thousand individuals have died. The destruction to the villages and lives that once populated Darfur is almost unfathomable. Millions of people have become displaced.
While the Sudanese government has made pittances towards improving the situation, such as allowing over twenty-six thousand peacekeeper troops into the region, their contempt for Darfur as a whole remains tragically clear. Millions now exist without a home. Millions still continue to rely on minimal-to-non-existent humanitarian assistance from the global community.
In the present, you now have the United States, Europe, and other places doing what they can with the issue of millions and millions of displaced individuals. There are numerous facts from the timeline that can serve to give you a better understanding of where things are in the present.
Where We Are Today
It is staggering to consider just how much has occurred, since this genocide first began to take shape in 2003. It has been approximately five years since South Sudan achieved its independence. It has been six years since the peace accord between JEM and Sudan was put into place. It has been nearly a full decade since the disastrous UN hybrid peacekeeping effort.
The milestones can continue. Some of them suggest glimmers of hope. Too many emphasize the bloodshed and chaos that continue. Three years ago, a Doha conference promised 3.6 billion to help in restoration efforts. In 2014 alone, thirty-three hundred villages were completely wiped out.
It took reports from Amnesty International in 2003 to begin to move attention towards the Darfur War.
At the same time, keeping all of this information in mind, you have to also remember the roles of other countries. As people consider the pros and cons of so many people immigrating to the United States, Europe, or elsewhere, countries like China and Russia have come under considerable criticism. Both countries have come under fire from the United Nations, as well as from individual countries, for perceived relationships with Sudan. On separate occasions, both China and Russia have denied the breaking of sanctions from the UN.
What is the future of the Darfur War? This is not an easy question to answer. There are countless Conflictfacts, figures, and horror stories that can serve to shape an opinion on the future of Darfur. One thing most of these opinions can agree upon is it is a source of shame that more has not been done.